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Course # 58782 • Healthcare-Associated Infections


This course is structured to provide essential education regarding the epidemiology, prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of healthcare-associated infections (HAIs). The course begins with background information on the pathogenesis of bacterial infections, transmission of infection in the healthcare setting, and the development of drug resistance. The primary sources of HAIs related to the environment, patient factors, and iatrogenic factors are also discussed. The core of the course is a comprehensive description of the most common and costly HAIs: catheter-related urinary tract infections, surgical site infections, ventilator-associated pneumonia, intravascular device-related infections, and Clostridium difficile infections. The overall incidences, related costs, risk factors, common pathogens, prevention, diagnosis, and treatment are presented for each of these infections, with the implications of drug-resistant infections also noted. An overview of the responsibilities of an infection control program in the healthcare setting is provided, with a discussion of surveillance, adherence to infection control guidelines, management of drug-resistant micro-organisms, precautions and isolation techniques, preparedness for outbreaks and epidemics, and education targeted to both healthcare workers and patients and families.

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Education Category: Infection Control / Internal Medicine

Release Date: 02/01/2019

Expiration Date: 01/31/2022


This course is designed for dental healthcare professionals who would benefit from enhanced knowledge of healthcare-associated infections.


NetCE Nationally Approved PACE Program Provider for FAGD/MAGD credit. Approval does not imply acceptance by any regulatory authority or AGD endorsement. 10/1/2015 to 9/30/2021 Provider ID #217994. NetCE is an ADA CERP Recognized Provider. ADA CERP is a service of the American Dental Association to assist dental professionals in identifying quality providers of continuing dental education. ADA CERP does not approve or endorse individual courses or instructors, nor does it imply acceptance of credit hours by boards of dentistry. Concerns or complaints about a CE provider may be directed to the provider or to ADA CERP at NetCE is approved as a provider of continuing education by the Florida Board of Dentistry, Provider #50-2405. NetCE is a Registered Provider with the Dental Board of California. Provider Number RP3841. Completion of this course does not constitute authorization for the attendee to perform any services that he or she is not legally authorized to perform based on his or her license or permit type.

Designations of Credit

NetCE designates this activity for 15 continuing education credits. AGD Subject Code 148. This course meets the Dental Board of California's requirements for 15 unit(s) of continuing education. Dental Board of California course #15-3841-20261.

Course Objective

The purpose of this course is to provide dental professionals with an updated review of healthcare-associated infections, including evidence-based guidelines, strategies for prevention, and appropriate treatment options.

Learning Objectives

Upon completion of this course, you should be able to:

  1. Describe the effect of healthcare-associated infections on morbidity, mortality, and cost of health care, including the importance of surveillance and prevention.
  2. Discuss the pathogenesis of infection and modes of antimicrobial resistance.
  3. Identify the environmental, patient-related, and iatrogenic risk factors for healthcare-associated infection.
  4. Anticipate the impact of nonimplanted and implanted devices and procedures on healthcare-associated infection.
  5. List the most common types of healthcare-associated infections.
  6. Identify the most common pathogens and risk factors associated with catheter-related urinary tract infections, and outline the appropriate prevention measures, means of diagnosis, and treatment.
  7. List the most common pathogens and causes of surgical site infections, and develop a strategy for prevention, diagnosis, and treatment.
  8. Define the most common pathogens and risk factors associated with healthcare-associated pneumonia, and devise appropriate measures for prevention, diagnosis, and treatment.
  9. Outline the most common pathogens and risk factors associated with intravascular device-related bloodstream infections, and discuss the appropriate prevention measures, diagnosis, and treatment.
  10. Discuss the risk factors and prevention strategies for nosocomial Clostridium difficile infection.
  11. Implement an effective hand hygiene program and strategies to increase compliance.
  12. Outline interventions to control influenza transmission in the healthcare setting.
  13. Describe the appropriate use of precautions and isolation techniques.
  14. Define additional elements of an institution's infection control program, including the education of healthcare workers and patients with respect to healthcare-associated infections and the need to address challenges in educating non-English- proficient individuals.
  15. Discuss the need for hospital preparedness for potential outbreaks.


Lori L. Alexander, MTPW, ELS, MWC, is President of Editorial Rx, Inc., which provides medical writing and editing services on a wide variety of clinical topics and in a range of media. A medical writer and editor for more than 30 years, Ms. Alexander has written for both professional and lay audiences, with a focus on continuing education materials, medical meeting coverage, and educational resources for patients. She is the Editor Emeritus of the American Medical Writers Association (AMWA) Journal, the peer-review journal representing the largest association of medical communicators in the United States. Ms. Alexander earned a Master’s degree in technical and professional writing, with a concentration in medical writing, at Northeastern University, Boston. She has also earned certification as a life sciences editor and as a medical writer.

Faculty Disclosure

Contributing faculty, Lori L. Alexander, MTPW, ELS, MWC, has disclosed no relevant financial relationship with any product manufacturer or service provider mentioned.

Division Planner

William E. Frey, DDS, MS, FICD

Division Planner Disclosure

The division planner has disclosed no relevant financial relationship with any product manufacturer or service provider mentioned.

About the Sponsor

The purpose of NetCE is to provide challenging curricula to assist healthcare professionals to raise their levels of expertise while fulfilling their continuing education requirements, thereby improving the quality of healthcare.

Our contributing faculty members have taken care to ensure that the information and recommendations are accurate and compatible with the standards generally accepted at the time of publication. The publisher disclaims any liability, loss or damage incurred as a consequence, directly or indirectly, of the use and application of any of the contents. Participants are cautioned about the potential risk of using limited knowledge when integrating new techniques into practice.

Disclosure Statement

It is the policy of NetCE not to accept commercial support. Furthermore, commercial interests are prohibited from distributing or providing access to this activity to learners.

Technical Requirements

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