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Course # 54923 • Animal-Related Health Risks


There are many potential diseases, or zoonoses, that can spread from animals to humans, and the public has many misconceptions about what to do after a potential exposure to a zoonotic source. With basic precautions, most zoonoses are preventable or avoidable. In this course, methods of prevention are discussed as well as general treatment guidelines. Patient education points are also included, as it is an important part of the process of preventing exposure to zoonoses.

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Education Category: Infection Control / Internal Medicine

Release Date: 05/01/2020

Expiration Date: 04/30/2023


This course is designed for dental professionals involved in identifying, treating, and preventing zoonotic diseases, including West Nile virus, Lyme disease, and avian influenza.


NetCE Nationally Approved PACE Program Provider for FAGD/MAGD credit. Approval does not imply acceptance by any regulatory authority or AGD endorsement. 10/1/2015 to 9/30/2021 Provider ID #217994. NetCE is an ADA CERP Recognized Provider. ADA CERP is a service of the American Dental Association to assist dental professionals in identifying quality providers of continuing dental education. ADA CERP does not approve or endorse individual courses or instructors, nor does it imply acceptance of credit hours by boards of dentistry. Concerns or complaints about a CE provider may be directed to the provider or to ADA CERP at NetCE is approved as a provider of continuing education by the Florida Board of Dentistry, Provider #50-2405. NetCE is a Registered Provider with the Dental Board of California. Provider Number RP3841. Completion of this course does not constitute authorization for the attendee to perform any services that he or she is not legally authorized to perform based on his or her license or permit type.

Designations of Credit

NetCE designates this activity for 15 continuing education credits. AGD Subject Code 148. This course meets the Dental Board of California's requirements for 15 unit(s) of continuing education. Dental Board of California course #15-3841-20300.

Course Objective

The purpose of this course is to increase the awareness of zoonotic diseases and their management in both prevention and care. There are many potential diseases that can spread from animals to humans, and with basic precautions, most zoonoses are preventable or at least avoidable. The public has many misconceptions about what to do after a potential exposure to a zoonotic source, and healthcare professionals are often the first to help and answer questions.

Learning Objectives

Upon completion of this course, you should be able to:

  1. Reflect on the history of zoonotic diseases.
  2. Define the hosts and host characteristics associated with zoonotic diseases.
  3. Compare the types of vectors and transmission of zoonotic diseases.
  4. Discuss the classification of zoonotic diseases.
  5. Identify the common pathogens involved in the spread of infection from animals to humans.
  6. Discuss the clinical presentation, diagnosis, and treatment of Lyme disease.
  7. Outline characteristics and treatment of other tickborne zoonotic diseases, including tularemia, Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF), and ehrlichiosis.
  8. Discuss the clinical presentation, diagnosis, and treatment of West Nile virus infection.
  9. Describe the characteristics and treatment of other viral zoonotic diseases, including avian influenza.
  10. Discuss the background, clinical presentation, and prevention of bovine spongiform encephalitis (BSE) and its resulting disease in humans, variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD).
  11. Identify some of the common protozoal zoonotic diseases.
  12. Describe the characteristics and treatment of anthrax infection.
  13. Identify other common bacterial zoonotic diseases, including cholera.
  14. Recall the characteristics of common parasitic zoonotic diseases and appropriate treatment.
  15. Outline the role of an interpreter in treating non-English-proficient patients.


Sharon Holt, DVM, MBA, ADN, graduated from Ohio University with a Bachelor's degree in fine art in 1977. She returned to Greater Hartford Community College and she earned an Associate degree in nursing in 1979. She later received a Master's in business administration in marketing management in 1983 from University of Hartford. She received her doctorate in veterinary medicine from Tufts University School of Veterinary Medicine in 1997. Dr. Holt has been working in wildlife medicine for 15 years and has lectured on the subject at the University of Massachusetts. Her nursing background includes acute care, emergency room, critical care, clinic settings, and case management for a non-profit visiting nurse association. She currently owns her own veterinary practice in Massachusetts and teaches veterinary science at Franklin County Technical High School, helping and mentoring the next generation of veterinarians.

Faculty Disclosure

Contributing faculty, Sharon Holt, DVM, MBA, ADN, has disclosed no relevant financial relationship with any product manufacturer or service provider mentioned.

Division Planner

William E. Frey, DDS, MS, FICD

Division Planner Disclosure

The division planner has disclosed no relevant financial relationship with any product manufacturer or service provider mentioned.

About the Sponsor

The purpose of NetCE is to provide challenging curricula to assist healthcare professionals to raise their levels of expertise while fulfilling their continuing education requirements, thereby improving the quality of healthcare.

Our contributing faculty members have taken care to ensure that the information and recommendations are accurate and compatible with the standards generally accepted at the time of publication. The publisher disclaims any liability, loss or damage incurred as a consequence, directly or indirectly, of the use and application of any of the contents. Participants are cautioned about the potential risk of using limited knowledge when integrating new techniques into practice.

Disclosure Statement

It is the policy of NetCE not to accept commercial support. Furthermore, commercial interests are prohibited from distributing or providing access to this activity to learners.

Technical Requirements

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