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Course # 90563 • Disorders and Injuries of the Eye and Eyelid

Overview

Visual impairment and injuries to the eye are major health concerns, affecting more than 5 million individuals collectively each year. The severity of eye disorders range from conditions that cause irritating symptoms to those that are vision-threatening; the most severe conditions (ocular tumors) can be life-threatening. This course addresses all of these conditions, providing details on the pathophysiology of disease, etiology, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention (when feasible). To provide a better context for the discussion of eye disorders and injuries, the course begins with an overview of the anatomy and physiology of the normal eye and eyelid and provides a comprehensive discussion of the clinical examination of the eye, including recommended guidelines for eye examinations for a variety of populations and preparing the clinical setting for the routine and emergency examination and treatment of the eye.

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Education Category: Medical / Surgical

Release Date: 12/01/2020

Expiration Date: 11/30/2023

Audience

This course is designed for physicians, physician assistants, nurse practitioners, nurses, and surgical technologists and assistants seeking to enhance their knowledge of the pathophysiology of eye diseases and more effectively diagnose and treat eye disorders and injuries.

Accreditations/Approvals

In support of improving patient care, NetCE is jointly accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME), the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE), and the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC), to provide continuing education for the healthcare team. NetCE is approved by the California Nursing Home Administrator Program as a provider of continuing education. Provider number 1622. NetCE is approved to offer continuing education through the Florida Board of Nursing Home Administrators, Provider #50-2405. NetCE is accredited by the International Accreditors for Continuing Education and Training (IACET). NetCE complies with the ANSI/IACET Standard, which is recognized internationally as a standard of excellence in instructional practices. As a result of this accreditation, NetCE is authorized to issue the IACET CEU.

Designations of Credit

This activity was planned by and for the healthcare team, and learners will receive 15 Interprofessional Continuing Education (IPCE) credit(s) for learning and change. NetCE designates this enduring material for a maximum of 15 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. NetCE designates this continuing education activity for 15 ANCC contact hour(s). NetCE designates this continuing education activity for 4 pharmacotherapeutic/pharmacology contact hour(s). NetCE designates this continuing education activity for 18 hours for Alabama nurses. Successful completion of this CME activity, which includes participation in the evaluation component, enables the participant to earn up to 15 MOC points in the American Board of Internal Medicine's (ABIM) Maintenance of Certification (MOC) program. Participants will earn MOC points equivalent to the amount of CME credits claimed for the activity. It is the CME activity provider's responsibility to submit participant completion information to ACCME for the purpose of granting ABIM MOC credit. Completion of this course constitutes permission to share the completion data with ACCME. Successful completion of this CME activity, which includes participation in the evaluation component, enables the learner to earn credit toward the CME and/or Self-Assessment requirements of the American Board of Surgery's Continuous Certification program. It is the CME activity provider's responsibility to submit learner completion information to ACCME for the purpose of granting ABS credit. Successful completion of this CME activity, which includes participation in the activity with individual assessments of the participant and feedback to the participant, enables the participant to earn 15 MOC points in the American Board of Pediatrics' (ABP) Maintenance of Certification (MOC) program. It is the CME activity provider's responsibility to submit participant completion information to ACCME for the purpose of granting ABP MOC credit. Successful completion of this CME activity, which includes participation in the evaluation component, enables the learner to satisfy the Lifelong Learning requirements for the American Board of Ophthalmology's Maintenance of Certification program. It is the CME activity provider's responsibility to submit learning completion information to ACCME for the purpose of granting MOC credit. Through an agreement between the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education and the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada, medical practitioners participating in the Royal College MOC Program may record completion of accredited activities registered under the ACCME's "CME in Support of MOC" program in Section 3 of the Royal College's MOC Program. This home study course is approved by the Florida Board of Nursing Home Administrators for 15 credit hour(s). This course is approved by the California Nursing Home Administrator Program for 10 hour(s) of continuing education credit - NHAP#1622010-8137/P. California NHAs may only obtain a maximum of 10 hours per course. AACN Synergy CERP Category A. NetCE is authorized by IACET to offer 1.5 CEU(s) for this program.

Individual State Nursing Approvals

In addition to states that accept ANCC, NetCE is approved as a provider of continuing education in nursing by: Alabama, Provider #ABNP0353, (valid through November 21, 2021); Arkansas, Provider #50-2405; California, BRN Provider #CEP9784; California, LVN Provider #V10662; California, PT Provider #V10842; District of Columbia, Provider #50-2405; Florida, Provider #50-2405; Georgia, Provider #50-2405; Kentucky, Provider #7-0054 through 12/31/2021; South Carolina, Provider #50-2405; South Carolina, Provider #50-2405. West Virginia RN and APRN, Provider #50-2405.

Special Approvals

This activity is designed to comply with the requirements of California Assembly Bill 1195, Cultural and Linguistic Competency.

Course Objective

Although ophthalmologists are responsible for the diagnosis and treatment of eye disease and vision loss, interprofessional teams in the emergency room and primary care settings are often involved in initial evaluation and long-term management. The purpose of this course is address knowledge gaps, enhance nurse/physician clinical skills, and improve the care of patients with disorders of the eye that threaten vision. The goal is to achieve better clinical outcomes and a reduction in the prevalence of vision impairment.

Learning Objectives

Upon completion of this course, you should be able to:

  1. Describe the normal anatomy and physiology of the eye and eyelid.
  2. Outline the physiology of vision.
  3. Describe vision screening recommendations and barriers to their implementation.
  4. Identify appropriate skills for the clinical examination of adults' eyes.
  5. Describe the components of pediatric eye examinations.
  6. Discuss the assessment of refraction and preparedness for eye examinations in the primary care setting.
  7. Differentially diagnose inflammatory conditions of the eye and eyelid, and describe the pharma- cologic and nonpharmacologic treatment options.
  8. Define the causes, treatment options, and preventive strategies for noninflammatory conditions of the eye and eyelid.
  9. Identify the causes and treatment of mechanical disorders of the eyelid.
  10. Identify the most common causes of eye injuries and sudden loss of vision.
  11. Explain the appropriate diagnosis and treatment for eye emergencies, including interventions for non-English-proficient patients.
  12. Describe eye conditions that commonly occur in children.
  13. Outline the impact of vision impairment in adults and interventions to improve quality of life for vision-impaired individuals.
  14. Describe the ocular manifestations of several chronic diseases and the recommendations for eye follow-up.
  15. Identify ocular side effects that may result with the administration of some common medications and herbal supplements.
  16. Discuss the diagnosis and treatment of malignant conditions of the eye and eyelid.

Faculty

Lori L. Alexander, MTPW, ELS, MWC, is President of Editorial Rx, Inc., which provides medical writing and editing services on a wide variety of clinical topics and in a range of media. A medical writer and editor for more than 30 years, Ms. Alexander has written for both professional and lay audiences, with a focus on continuing education materials, medical meeting coverage, and educational resources for patients. She is the Editor Emeritus of the American Medical Writers Association (AMWA) Journal, the peer-review journal representing the largest association of medical communicators in the United States. Ms. Alexander earned a Master’s degree in technical and professional writing, with a concentration in medical writing, at Northeastern University, Boston. She has also earned certification as a life sciences editor and as a medical writer.

John M. Leonard, MD, Professor of Medicine Emeritus, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, completed his post-graduate clinical training at the Yale and Vanderbilt University Medical Centers before joining the Vanderbilt faculty in 1974. He is a clinician-educator and for many years served as director of residency training and student educational programs for the Vanderbilt University Department of Medicine. Over a career span of 40 years, Dr. Leonard conducted an active practice of general internal medicine and an inpatient consulting practice of infectious diseases.

Faculty Disclosure

Contributing faculty, Lori L. Alexander, MTPW, ELS, MWC, has disclosed no relevant financial relationship with any product manufacturer or service provider mentioned.

Contributing faculty, John M. Leonard, MD, has disclosed no relevant financial relationship with any product manufacturer or service provider mentioned.

Division Planners

John V. Jurica, MD, MPH

Jane C. Norman, RN, MSN, CNE, PhD

Shannon E. Smith, MHSC, CST, CSFA

Division Planners Disclosure

The division planners have disclosed no relevant financial relationship with any product manufacturer or service provider mentioned.

About the Sponsor

The purpose of NetCE is to provide challenging curricula to assist healthcare professionals to raise their levels of expertise while fulfilling their continuing education requirements, thereby improving the quality of healthcare.

Our contributing faculty members have taken care to ensure that the information and recommendations are accurate and compatible with the standards generally accepted at the time of publication. The publisher disclaims any liability, loss or damage incurred as a consequence, directly or indirectly, of the use and application of any of the contents. Participants are cautioned about the potential risk of using limited knowledge when integrating new techniques into practice.

Disclosure Statement

It is the policy of NetCE not to accept commercial support. Furthermore, commercial interests are prohibited from distributing or providing access to this activity to learners.

Technical Requirements

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